With the rapid rise of the industrial food animal production, an increasing number of food
animals once raised on pastures are now raised in feedlots. Feedlot-raised animals are
generally kept indoors, and they are given feed formulated to speed their growth to market
weight and supply them with essential nutrients, while minimizing costs to operators.
Concerns have arisen about the content of these feeds, however, as grain-based diets can
produce serious and sometimes fatal digestive tract problems in food animals such as cows,
goats, and sheep whose stomachs are best suited to digesting high-cellulose containing plants
like grass. In addition, recent studies have shown that chemical additives in feed may
accumulate in animal tissues, potentially exposing consumers to unwanted chemicals such as
veterinary drug residues and heavy metals. It is important to consider how livestock feed
affects animal health, and by extension the health of people who consume these animal
Current industrial farming practices rely heavily on grain. Under current EU CAP (and US
agriculture policy for that matter) substantial subsidies are provided to farmers who produce
grains and other cereals. Livestock producers use these cereals as a base for their animal feed
because protein-rich grains help bring animals to market weight faster, and because they are
cheaper than other feed options as a result of government subsidies. It has been estimated that
the operating costs of factory farms would be 7–10 % higher without these subsidies. As a
result, a large percentage of grains grown (some 40–60 % in various countries) are used in animal feed and are being consumed by livestock.
Although cheap feed grains mean lower meat and dairy prices for consumers, meat from
grass fed animals is generally lower in saturated fat than meat from grain fed animals.
Numerous research reports clearly indicate that lowering the percentage of calories consumed
from saturated fats may reduce the risk of heart disease in humans.
Industrial poultry farms raise chickens on feeds that have been formulated to maximize
chicken growth and weight gain. However, these feed formulations often include medically
important pharmaceutical drugs whose overuse by the poultry industry may represent a threat
to human health. Farms often use low doses of antibiotics to get their chickens to market
weight faster, and low dose antibiotic use in food animals has been linked to the development
of antibiotic resistant bacterial strains. People infected with these strains have an increased
risk of complications or even death because these bacteria may have developed resistance to
one or more of the limited number of antibiotic classes used on humans. According to a recent
research by the market analysis group, IGD, about 72 % of consumers raise concerns
that medicines and vaccinations are getting into the human food chain.
Feed additives are pharmaceutical or nutritional substances which are not of natural origin
and are added to prepare and store feeds. Feed additives are gaining importance due to various
functions such as growth promotion, controlling infectious diseases, and enhancement of feed
digestibility. The global feed additives market is growing at a steady pace and the market is
expected to further grow in the future due to the increasing demand for meat and meat
products around the globe. Epidemics like bird flu, other diseases like foot-and mouthdisease,
and environmental concerns have led to an increase in concern over animal health
round the globe, due to which meat producers have increased their focus on feed quality and
— The driving factors of the global animal feed additives market are: (i) rise in global meat
consumption; (ii) increasing awareness towards meat quality and safety; (iii) increasing mass
production of meat; and (iv) recent livestock disease outbreaks. However, the restraints of the
market are raising raw material cost and regulatory structure.
The CS1 Product as the alternative solution
Analysis of the feed additive market globally and more specifically in the EU has
demonstrated that it mainly represents a market of diversified products with different effects
on the livestock. Most companies in the industry provide the following types of feed
additives: vitamins, antioxidants, probiotics, aminoacids, feedenzymes, and acidifiers.
According to our sources the most popular types of feed additives are those which decrease
mortality, increase rate of weight gain and improve palatability qualities. Product divisions are
aligned between various livestock species, where rarely an additive is equally applicable and
effective for all livestock animals.
KIEG’s all natural algae suspension CS1 Product is universally applicable liquid animal
feed which secures increased productivity of livestock farms while doing away with the need
for antibiotics and growth hormones, keeping the animals healthier and safe.